Facts about Cashmere

To wear cashmere, you have to know about cashmere. Guaranteed to educate and interest, we give you the building blocks to expand your cashmere knowledge.

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Natural colors of cashmere

Of Mongolia’s goats, 51% are beige colored, 30% are brown, 18% are white, and making up only 1% of the population are the warm grey goats. Warm grey colored goats are highly scarce and can be found in the Khovd Province making Mongolia the only country to have a variety of 4 different colored goats.

GOBI CASHMERE

Mongolia’s goats in 4 natural colors.

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CASHMERE AND SILK

Silk is the one of the world’s finest natural fibers that has good insulation properties. When spun together with cashmere, it creates a more lustrous fabric that can be used to stay cool in the hot months and warm during the colder months. Thus, this magical duo makes the perfect garment to wear all year round.

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GOBI’s cashmere silk top for TAOBAO China, 2020.

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CASHMERE VS HAIR

If you thought hair was thin, it is not! A single strand of human hair has a diameter of up to 181 microns, whereas the average cashmere fiber is 19 microns. More surprisingly, Mongolian cashmere can range from 14 to 19 microns making it the finest and the most sought after in the cashmere market.

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Cashmere during the de-hairing stage at GOBI.

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Cashmere vs Wool

Cashmere is 8 times warmer than wool. Cashmere fibers have internal air chambers allowing it to act as a natural heat regulator. This is due to cashmere strands being hollow in the inside making it lofty and warm. It is also extremely useful to goats for they need warm cashmere to survive the cold Mongolian winter that can lower to -40 Celsius.

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A chilly day in the Mongolian countryside.

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FREE-RANGE CASHMERE

Happy goats make the best cashmere. Mongolian goats live free of stress. Unlike farm raised cashmere goats, Mongolian goats roam freely in the open grass land from sunrise to sunset in the Mongolian steppes. Without fences or walls, they are free to graze in their natural habitat. Their diet consists of many medicinal and natural plants which help them grow longer and softer cashmere.

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Herd of goats roaming freely in Mongolia.

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Cashmere Origin

Almost everyone thinks cashmere is from Italy. Actually, most of the world’s cashmere comes from Mongolia and China. As the second largest producer of raw cashmere in terms of volume, Mongolia produces 48% of the world’s cashmere creating 9,500 tons of cashmere annually. China or more specifically Inner Mongolia - an autonomous region in Northern China – is the largest producer.

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Goat to coat campaign, 2019

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BREATHABLE CASHMERE

Cashmere is a natural fiber meaning it is very breathable. It is excellent at keeping moisture away from the body and from preventing bacteria from being trapped. Unlike synthetic fibers, cashmere doesn’t promote the buildup of body odors. Feel free to see a wide variety of sweaters and pants at GOBI that are perfect for jogging.

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Light breathable cashmere on a warm, sunny day.

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HOW CASHMERE IS COLLECTED

By hand – the traditional way. Hand-combing cashmere is the best practice and the most humane method there can be. It is refined by the long nomadic lifestyle of herders who have kept their tradition for hundreds of years.

Mongolia - The Land of Cashmere

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Eco – friendly cashmere

Due to its natural property, cashmere products can last for many years with their original shape. It is also a biodegradable fiber resulting in sustainable fashion. Compared to other petroleum based fabrics, cashmere does not cause any allergies. Cashmere also lacks lanolin therefore it’s great for people who have sensitive skin. Check out GOBI’s selection of baby blankets made specifically for children’s skin.

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Sunset on the wild steppes of Mongolia.